"Extractivism is a non-reciprocal, dominance-based relationship with the earth, one purely of taking. It is the opposite of stewardship, which involves taking but also taking care that regeneration and future life continues. Extractivism...is the reduction of life into objects for the use of others, giving them no integrity or value of their own...it is also the reduction of human beings either into labor to be brutally extracted, pushed beyond limits, or, alternatively, into social burdens, problems to be locked out at borders and locked away in prisons or reservations. In an extractivist economy, the interconnections among these various objectified components of life are ignored; the consequences of severing them are of no concern."
Source: Naomi Klein (2014) This changes everything. Penguin. p.169